SAC/SOG units also defeated Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan prior to the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and trained, equipped, organized and led the Kurdish peshmerga forces to defeat the Iraqi Army in northern Iraq. He was responsible for their operations outside of the Afghanistan-Pakistan region and formed part of the senior leadership. The VC also imposed quotas.  The CIA must have a presidential finding issued by the President of the United States in order to conduct these activities under the Hughes-Ryan amendment to the 1991 Intelligence Authorization Act. Regardless of background, SAD operators undergo extensive specialized training. 2001. CIA Pakistan Campaign is Working Director Say.  Despite (or because) SAC/SOG is the most covert unit in U.S. Special Operations, numerous books have been published on the exploits of CIA paramilitary officers, including Conboy and Morrison's Feet to the Fire: CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957–1958, and Warner's Shooting at the Moon: The Story of America's Clandestine War in Laos. A majority are from the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). Helms hatched a "Special Operations Group" in which "[eleven] CIA officers grew long hair, learned the jargon of the New Left, and went off to infiltrate peace groups in the United States and Europe." Also enrolled to support CIA objectives were the Mujahideen-e-Khalq, known in the West as the M.E.K., and the Baluchis insurgents. Da Capo Press. Saad bin Laden spent years under house arrest in Iran before traveling last year to Pakistan, according to former National Intelligence Director Mike McConnell.  The CIA's formal designations for these individuals are paramilitary operations officers and specialized skills officers. SOG … Congress later resumed aid to the Contras, totaling over $300 million.  Ronald Kessler states in his book The CIA at War: Inside the Secret War Against Terror, that although paramilitary operations are a strain on resources, they are winning the war against terrorism. London: Hutchinson. Invasion of Afghanistan. These include: Abu Zubaydah, the chief of operations for al-Qaeda; Ramzi bin al-Shibh, the so-called "20th hijacker"; Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the mastermind of the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C.; Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, alleged to be the mastermind of the USS Cole bombing and leader of al Qaeda operations in the Persian Gulf prior to his capture in November 2002; Abu Faraj al-Libi, al Qaeda's "field general" believed to have taken the role of No.  This team organized the Kurdish Peshmerga for the subsequent U.S. led invasion. Expands Its Taliban Hunt in Afghanistan", "A Funeral of 2 Friends: C.I.A. CIA Special Operations Group Paramilitiaries are trained in. Within SAD, there are two separate groups: SAD/SOG for tactical paramilitary operations and SAD/PAG for covert political action. , On May 22, 2016, the CIA honored three paramilitary officers with stars on the memorial wall 56 years after their deaths. Their efforts kept the 13 divisions of the Iraqi Army in place to defend against the Kurds rather than allowing them to contest the coalition force coming from the south. As a result, the team captured the senior Taliban official and rescued the sister. The paramilitary component included training anti-Communist guerrillas to fight the Tudeh Party if they seized power in the chaos of Operation Ajax. These were just two of the over 50 caught by SAC/SOG just between 1983 and 1995.  Experts speculated that these teams could have been determining the capability of these forces to defeat the Muammar Gaddafi regime and whether Al-Qaeda had a presence in these rebel elements. to Expand Use of Drones in Pakistan", "Al Qaeda Operations Planner Saleh Al-Somali Believed Dead in Drone Strike", "Saleh al-Somali, Senior al-Qaida Member, Reportedly Killed In Drone Attack", Suspected drone attack kills 3 in Pakistan, "Secret Joint Raid Captures Taliban's Top Commander", "Capture A Coup For U.S.-Pakistani Spy Agencies", "Capture may be turning point in Taliban fight", "In Blow to Taliban, 2 More Leaders Are Arrested", "Drone strike kills son of militant linked to Taliban, al Qaeda", "American Strike Is Said to Kill a Top Qaeda Leader", "Terror plot against Britain thwarted by drone strike", "CIA led U.S. special forces mission against Osama bin Laden", "Chicago Tribune: Chicago breaking news, sports, business, entertainme…", "US forces kill Osama bin Laden in Pakistan – World news – Death of bin Laden", "US forces kill Osama bin Laden in Pakistan", "Intelligence break led to bin Laden's hide-out", "Osama bin Laden dead: CIA paramilitaries and elite Navy SEAL killed Al Qaeda leader", "Counterterrorism chief declares al-Qaida 'in the past, "Osama bin Laden dead: trusted courier led US special forces to hideout", "Clues Gradually Led to the Location of Osama bin Laden", "Pakistan rattled by news of CIA safe house in Abbottabad – World Watch", "Levin: Pakistan Knew Osama Bin Laden Hiding Place", "Bin Laden death may be Afghan game-changer: Gates", "Clandestine Service History: Overthrow of Premier Mossadeq of Iran – November 1952 – August 1953", "Retired CIA veteran will return to head clandestine service", "Ex-F.B.I.
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